ALPHA PSYCHIATRY
Original Articles

The psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp-12) in older adults living in nursing homes

1.

Manisa Celal Bayar University, Vocational School of Health Services, Uncubozkoy Kampusu, C Blok, 45020,Manisa, Turkey.

2.

Manisa Celal Bayar University, Vocational School of Health Services, Uncubozkoy Kampusu, C Blok, 45020

3.

Manisa Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Manisa, Turkey.

4.

Manisa Municipality Ismail Muammer Cider Nursing Home, Manisa, Turkey

5.

Manisa Municipality Ismail Muammer Cider Nursing Home, Manisa, Turkey.

Alpha Psychiatry 2018; 19: Supplement 22-28
DOI: 10.5455/apd.5670
Read: 146 Downloads: 100 Published: 01 April 2018

OObjective: This study was conducted to test the dimensionality, reliability and construct validity of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp-12) for Turkish population. Methods: The cross-sectional design research was carried out with the elderly who lived in nursing homes in Manisa (n=133). The data were obtained by using the sociodemog-raphic characteristics questionnaire, the FACIT-Sp-12 questionnaire reliability was assessed using the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, and test-retest reliability coefficients were assessed with Pearson's correlation. For the validity of the instrument; construct validity, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used. Results: Of the elderly who participated in the study, 60.9% were female, their mean age was 76.12±10.34. The mean score was 27.09±8.66 for the overall spiritual well-being scale, and 9.08±3.56 for the meaning subscale, 8.24±3.73 for the peace subscale, and 9.76±4.10 for the faith subscale. A statistically significant positive correlation was found between FACIT-Sp-12 scores and the three subdimensions. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.80 for the overall scale, 0.67 for the meaning subscale, 0.72 for the peace subscale, and 0.79 for the faith subscale. Fit statistics for the FACIT-Sp-12 scale for Turkish community met criteria: CFI= 0.95, RMSEA= 0.070, TLI= 0.91, SRMR= 0.07. The goodness of fit index indicate that the model-data fit is provided for the model tested. Other fit index exhibited an acceptable level (GFI= 0.92, RMR= 0.063, NFI= 0.90, IFI= 0.90 and RFI= 0.91. Conclusion: In validity analyses, construct validity was considered and tested by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to identify whether or not the three-factor model was verified. As a result, it was determined that the Spiritual Well-Being Scale is a valid and reliable tool and could be used for the elderly living in nursing homes in Turkey. [Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg 2018; 19(0.200): 22-28]

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