ALPHA PSYCHIATRY
Original Articles

Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition

1.

Gaziantep University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social Pediatrics, Gaziantep, Turkey

2.

Gaziantep University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Gaziantep, Turkey

3.

Gaziantep University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Gaziantep, Turkey

Alpha Psychiatry 2019; 20: 93-100
DOI: 10.5455/apd.298929
Read: 201 Downloads: 97 Published: 01 February 2019

Objective: Attention-deficithyperactivitydisorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed neurobehavioral disorders in childhood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the obesity/hypertension prevalence of chil-dren with ADHD at the time of initialdiagnosis, to assessthe total body composition, and also to evaluate the asso-ciated risk factors. Methods: The study was carried out with 77 ADHD/100 healthy children and adolescent. All individuals completed a questionnaire form prepared by researchers. The weight, height, and blood pressure (BP) measurements were performed using standardized protocols. Total body composition analysis was performed by ‘bioelectrical impedance analysis’ method. Results: The obesity/hypertension prevalence in ADHD patients were 16.9%, 13.0%, respectively. The obesity prevalence was more frequent and diastolic BP values were higher in pa-tients than controls. Total body fat (%) was higher in both obese and non-obese patients. In females, sistolic BP and diastolic BP values were higher in ADHD group than control group. In girls sleep duration in weekend-days was shorter in patients. Paternal body mass index was higher in ADHD group. Consumption of chocolate/sugar/chicken/ fish and screen time>1 hour in a day were more common in ADHD patients. Conclusion: The high obesity/hyper-tension rates in our study emphasize that the assessment of weight/BP should be a part of the ADHD management. The ADHD patients may also have an increased risk of high total body fat even though individuals are not obese. Short sleep duration, consumption of a high amount of chocolate/sugar/chicken/fish, andscreen time>1 hour per day may be a risk factor for ADHD. [Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg 2019; 20(1.000): 93-100]

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