ALPHA PSYCHIATRY
Original Articles

Turkish adaptation of Kessler Psychological Distress Scale: validity and reliability study

1.

Saglik Bilimleri Universitesi Antalya Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi Aile Hekimligi Klinigi, Antalya, Turkiye

2.

Saglik Bilimleri Universitesi Antalya Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi Aile Hekimligi Klinigi, Antalya, Turkiye

3.

Akdeniz Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Ruh Sagligi ve Hastaliklari Anabilim Dali, Antalya, Turkiye

Alpha Psychiatry 2019; 20: Supplement 23-31
DOI: 10.5455/apd.12801
Read: 1352 Downloads: 636 Published: 01 February 2019

Objective: Psychological distress is defined as emotional damage characterized by symptoms of depression and anxiety. Aim of study is to adapt Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10-PDS) to Turkish and to determine its validity and reliability and use it in psychological distress screenings. Methods: K10-PDS was translated into Turkish according to WHO World Mental Health Initiative Interview Translation Guidelines. A Sociodemographic Information Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory for Primary Care (BDI-PC) and Turkish K10-PDS were applied to 200 volunteers between 18-77 years old in Family Medicine and Psychiatry polyclinics of Antalya Training and Research Hospital. Turkish K10-PDS were given again to 55 participants for reliability study four days later. Results: Mean of participants' Turkish K10-PDS score was 21.8±10.7. Reliability (Cronbach's alpha) of the Turkish K10-PDS was 0.95. Based on ROC analysis, the area under the curve was found to be 0.958. Spearman-Brown two-quartile test reliability was 0.93, and test-retest correlation coefficient was 0.89. Item-total score correlations ranged between 0.720 and 0.887. At the cut-off point of >20, the sensitivity was 92.0% and specificity was 90.4%. Conclusion: It has been shown that Turkish K10-PDS can be used as a valid and reliable scale for the detection, screening and treatment of depression and anxiety disorders, especially for psychological distress. [Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg 2019; 20(3.100): 23-31]

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