Original Articles

Theory of mind deficit in adolescents with major depressive disorder


Sakarya Child and Adolescents Psychiatry Institute,Sakarya,Turkey


uludag university faculty of medicine,Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic,Bursa,Turkey


Sakarya Yenikent State Hospital,Sakarya,Turkey

Alpha Psychiatry 2020; 21: 158-164
DOI: 10.5455/apd.53279
Read: 443 Downloads: 308 Published: 01 April 2020

Objective: This study aims to investigate the two aspects of ToM (social-perceptual and social-cognitive) by comparing patients with major depressive disorder with in adolescents a healthy control group. Methods: The study included 30 adolescent patients with major depression and 31 healthy volunteers matched with patients in terms of age and educational stage. All participants were administered a form for sociodemographic and clinical information and then Kiddie-SADS (Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia), Kovacs Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Chil-dren-Revised (WISC-R), Smarties Test, Ice Cream Van Test, Hinting Test and Eyes Test were performed. Results: ToM deficit was found in patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder. There was a significant difference between the two groups in the parameters of the CDI, SCARED, Ice Cream Van test, Hinting test, and Eyes test. The WISC-R verbal scores of the patients were significantly correlated with the Eyes test. There was a significant relationship between the patients’ depression scale for children and the ice cream van test. Conclusion: In addition to the literature, this study showed us that both dimensions of ToM may be impaired in adolescents with major depression. [Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg 2020; 21(2.000): 158-164]

EISSN 2757-8038