ALPHA PSYCHIATRY
Systematic Review

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Association Between Malnutrition and Risk of Depression in the Elderly

1.

Department of General Surgery, Taizhou First People’s Hospital, Zhejiang , China

2.

Department of Nursing, Taizhou First People’s Hospital, Zhejiang , China

3.

Department of Geriatrics, Taizhou First People’s Hospital, Zhejiang , China

Alpha Psychiatry 2024; 25: 183-189
DOI: 10.5152/alphapsychiatry.2024.231336
Read: 289 Downloads: 205 Published: 29 April 2024

Objective: To explore the association between malnutrition and risk of depression in the elderly.

Methods: Relevant studies were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Embase from the establishment of the database to August 17, 2023. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data, and evaluated the risk of bias in the included studies. Stata16.0 software was used for meta-analysis.

Results: A total of 8 observational studies were identified with 11112 participants, of which 2771 elderly patients had depression. The meta-pooled results showed a significant correlation between nutritional status and depression risk (odds ratio (OR)=2.03, 95% CI=(1.47, 2.81), P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis found that the malnutrition scores of different study types and the diagnostic methods of depression and malnutrition were correlated with the risk of depression.

Conclusion: Malnutrition was associated with depression risk in the elderly. Further largescale multicenter studies should be conducted to test and verify the results.

Cite this article as: Hu W, Mao H, Guan S, Jin J, Xu D. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between malnutrition and risk of depression in the elderly. Alpha Psychiatry. 2024;25(2):183-189.

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