Original Articles

Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol EMDR Applied Online for COVID-19-Related Symptoms of Turkish Health Care Workers Diagnosed with COVID-19- Related PTSD: A Pilot Study


Department of Psychiatry, Bagcilar Research and Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, İstanbul University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey


Liman Psychology, İstanbul, Turkey

Alpha Psychiatry 2022; 23: 121-127
DOI: 10.5152/alphapsychiatry.2022.21763
Read: 979 Downloads: 354 Published: 12 May 2022

Background: This study investigates the effect of the online Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol on posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and burnout symptoms in healthcare workers diagnosed with pan- demic-related post-traumatic stress disorder.

Methods: The study included healthcare workers who applied to psychiatry outpatient clinics due to the psychiatric symptoms that developed related to the pandemic and who were diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder. The Beck Anxiety Inventory, Impact of Event Scale-Revised to evaluate the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (avoid- ance, intrusion, and hyperarousal), Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory were used for the assessment. The tests were administered 3 times (pre-treat- ment, post-treatment, and at 1-month follow-up).

Results: This study included 14 healthcare workers diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder; 2 (14.3%) physicians, 2 (14.3%) nurses, 4 (28.6%) other-healthcare workers/medi- cal staff, and 6 (42.8%) other healthcare workers/non-medical staff. There was a significant decrease in Impact of Event Scale-Revised total score, the intrusion and hyper-arousal sub-scores between T1 and T2 (P=.018; P=.005; P=.0005, respectively) and between T1 and T3 (P < .001; P < .001; P < .001, respectively), but there was no difference between T2 and T3 (P = .89). A significant difference was found in repeated measurements of both Beck Depression Inventory [P < .001] and Beck Anxiety Inventory [P < .001] scores. There was a significant difference in emotional exhaustion, one of the subscales of Maslach Burnout Inventory (P = .09). However, there was no significant difference in depersonaliza- tion (P = .48) and personal accomplishment (P = .66).

Conclusions: Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol appears to be capable of reducing symp- toms of anxiety, depression, intrusion, and hyperarousal symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and emotional exhaustion when symptoms that developed are related to the pandemic in healthcare workers.

Cite this article as: Sağaltıcı E, Çetinkaya M, Kocamer Şahin Ş, Gülen B, Karaman Ş. Recent traumatic episode protocol EMDR applied online for COVID-19-related symptoms of turkish health care workers diagnosed with COVID-19-related PTSD: A pilot study. Alpha Psychiatry. 2022;23(3):121-127.

EISSN 2757-8038