Original Articles

Measuring Anxiety Symptoms During the COVID-19 Pandemic Through the Lens of Sexual Orientation


Department of Psychology and Education, University of Beira Interior Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Covilhã, Portugal


Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal

Alpha Psychiatry 2021; 22: 301-307
DOI: 10.5152/alphapsychiatry.2021.21281
Read: 5380 Downloads: 671 Published: 01 November 2021

Objective: This study aims to investigate the impact of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on anxiety symptoms, examining differences of sexual orientation.

Methods: A total of 1590 individuals participated, 63% (n = 1002) were females, 88% (n = 1399) self-identified as straight, and all replied to the anxiety subscale of the Brief Symptoms Inventory-18, the Fear of COVID-19, and the COVID-19 Negative Impact scales.

Results: Anxiety symptomatology negatively associated with age and positively associated with coronavirus disease-aggravated replies, Fear of COVID-19, and Negative Impact of COVID-19. Hierarchical linear regression examination revealed that age, gender, and sexual orientation explained 8% of the variance of anxiety symptoms, and together with the Fear and the Negative Impact of COVID-19, it explained 28% of the results.

Conclusion: Perceived anxiety symptoms were higher than anticipated and aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic: female and bisexual participants showed higher levels of anxiety symptomatology compared to male and straight, and gay or lesbian participants.

Cite this article as: Pedro J, Pereira H. Measuring anxiety symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic through the lens of sexual orientation. Alpha Psychiatry. 2021;22(6):301-307.

EISSN 2757-8038