Original Article

Internalizing Problems in Childhood and Adolescence: The Role of the Family


Department of Psychology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain

Alpha Psychiatry 2023; 24: 87-92
DOI: 10.5152/alphapsychiatry.2023.221086
Read: 1574 Downloads: 841 Published: 01 May 2023

Objective: Several studies have highlighted that internalizing problems have not received all the attention it deserves because they are not visible in children’s observable behavior. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between differences in parenting practices and internalizing problems in children and adolescents.

Methods: Our study sample consisted of 554 children (288 boys and 266 girls) between 3 and 13 years of age who participated in the study. Their respective parents provided the information about them. The instruments used have been the Behavioral Assessment System for Children and Adolescents and parenting style, defined according to the Parental Parenting Questionnaire. The Parenting Questionnaire considers 7 factors: social and emotional support received by a mother or father, satisfaction with parenting, involvement, communication, limit setting, autonomy, and role orientation.

Results: The results showed that children with high scores in internalizing problems tended to have parents with low levels of support, limit setting, and autonomy, along with low levels of maternal satisfaction with parenting. A regression analysis was also conducted, producing a model capable of predicting 14% of the variance in internalizing problems. The model was based on the following parenting variables: maternal support, autonomy and satisfaction with parenting, and paternal limit setting and role orientation.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that the information obtained is very useful for the design of parenting programs related to certain aspects of current educational practice. Furthermore, parents’ responses to the instruments used revealed patterns of behavior that can be modified in both parents and children.

Cite this article as: Aguilar-Yamuza B, Herruzo-Pino C, Lucena-Jurado V, Raya-Trenas AF, Pino-Osuna MJ. Internalizing problems in childhood and adolescence: The role of the family. Alpha Psychiatry. 2023;24(3):87-92.

EISSN 2757-8038