ALPHA PSYCHIATRY
Original Articles

Electrocardiographic Evaluation of the Ventricular Arrhythmia Risk in Patients Diagnosed With Schizophrenia

1.

Department of Psychiatry, Tokat State Hospital, Tokat, Turkey

2.

Department of Cardiology, Tokat State Hospital, Tokat, Turkey

3.

Department of Psychiatry, Elazığ Mental Health and Disease Hospital, Elazığ, Turkey

Alpha Psychiatry 2021; 22: 85-89
DOI: 10.5455/apd.7015
Read: 913 Downloads: 62 Published: 18 March 2021

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine electrocardiographic ventricular arrhythmia predictors in patients with schizophrenia by comparing with healthy controls.

Methods: The study included 100 patients with schizophrenia and 100 healthy controls. Electrocardiography (ECG) was performed on all participants in resting position. T-wave peak to end (Tp-e), QT ranges, P-wave dispersion (Pd), and R-R range were measured. Then, the Schizophrenia Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) were applied to the schizophrenia group.

Results: The PANSS positive symptom subscale was calculated as 10.41 (SD = 2.27), the negative symptom subscale was calculated as 14.44 (SD = 5.42), and the overall functionality level was calculated as 27.04 (SD = 5.43). The mean CDSS score was determined to be 3.74 (SD = 2.15). No differences were detected in the heart rate measurements of the patient and control groups in ECG results (P = .427). The minimum QT interval and minimum Tp-e wave times were found to be low in the patient group (P < .001 for both intervals). Corrected QTc dispersion, Pd, Tp-e dispersion, and QT dispersion were found to be higher in the patient group than in healthy controls (P < .001 for all intervals).

Discussion: Based on our results, it is possible to speculate that patients with schizophrenia are at a risk of developing cardiac arrhythmia and cardiac dysfunction if they do not receive treatment. For this reason, clinicians should pay attention to cardiac transmission problems when organizing the treatment of patients. Further studies should be conducted to determine cardiac problems in patients with schizophrenia.

Cite this article as: Özsoy F, Zorlu Ç, Kaya Ş. Electrocardiographic evaluation of the ventricular arrhythmia risk in patients with schizophrenia. Alpha Psychiatry. 2021;22(2):85-89.

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