Original Article

Efficacy of Magnesium Sulfate and Labetalol in the Treatment of Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension and Its Effect on Anxiety and Depression: A Retrospective Cohort Study


Department of Obstetrics, Affiliated Hospital of Electronic Science and Technology University, UESTC, Chengdu Women’s and Children’s Central Hospital, Sichuan , China

Alpha Psychiatry 2024; 25: 243-248
DOI: 10.5152/alphapsychiatry.2024.231342
Read: 257 Downloads: 177 Published: 30 April 2024

Background: In this study, the effect of magnesium sulfate and labetalol in treating pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and its influence on anxiety and depression in patients are observed, and new ideas for treating anxiety and depression in PIH are introduced.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to select patients with PlH diagnosed from July 2020 to July 2023 from Affiliated Hospital of Electronic Science and Technology University and Chengdu Women' s and Children's Central Hospital in Chengdu of Sichuan Province. The changes in blood pressure, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and generalized anxiety disorder 7 (GAD-7) in patients with hypertensive pregnancy were collected and analyzed.

Results: In our investigation, 219 patients completed the study, and 36.1% (79/219) of them developed anxiety and depression. According to whether the patients were treated with magnesium sulfate and labetalol, 49 cases were assigned to the magnesium sulfate and labetalol treatment (MSLT) group, and 30 cases were assigned to the conventional treatment (CT) group. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores and GAD-7 scores in the MSLT group were significantly lower than those in the CT group, indicating that magnesium sulfate and labetalol can improve anxiety and depression in hypertensive patients during pregnancy. The difference was statistically significant (P < .05). According to the changes in systolic blood pressure, the clinical efficacy of patients was evaluated, and no significant difference in efficacy existed between the MSLT and CT groups.

Conclusion: Magnesium sulfate and labetalol can control the blood pressure of patients with PIH and indirectly improve anxiety and depression in patients with PIH, thereby introducing new ideas for the treatment of PIH accompanied by anxiety and depression.

Cite this article as: Wang S, Zhang J, Zhu T, Xie X, Xia X, Li Y. Efficacy of magnesium sulfate and labetalol in the treatment of pregnancy-induced hypertension and its effect on anxiety and depression: A retrospective cohort study. Alpha Psychiatry. 2024;25(2):243-248.

EISSN 2757-8038