Original Articles

Attachment Styles of Parents with Alcohol Use Disorder and the Relation of Their Parenting Perception to Their Parenting Attitudes


Department of Psychiatry, Pendik State Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, University of Health Sciences, Erenköy Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Alpha Psychiatry 2021; 22: 308-317
DOI: 10.5152/alphapsychiatry.2021.21239
Read: 423 Downloads: 190 Published: 01 November 2021

Objective: Many neurobiological, genetic, environmental, and spiritual factors are involved in addiction etiology. This study aims to examine parental perceptions, attachment styles, and parental attitudes.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Patients diagnosed with alcohol use disorder (AUD) were enrolled in the Addiction Clinic of the Erenköy Mental Hospital. The structured clinical interview for DSM-5 (SCID-5)  was applied, and the sociodemographic data form, Adult Attachment Style, Family Life and Child Rearing Attitude Scale, and Parent Attachment Scale were administered to the participants.

Results: It was determined that 21.5% of participants had depressive episode and anxiety disorder diagnoses; 15.4% of participants had children with a history of psychiatric treatment; 16.9% had children with a history of alcohol/substance use. The avoidant attachment score average of individuals with APD was found to be higher. The positive perception of parents participating in terms of care and protection toward their own parents was significant in all subdimensions with secure attachment. When the child-rearing attitudes of parents with secure attachment were examined, the dimensions of democratic attitude and recognition of equality were statistically significantly higher.

Conclusion: Parenting and attachment are associated with many steps of addiction. In the fight against addiction, it is very important to treat addiction as a family problem. The education and interventions to be made can be protective in terms of psychopathology and addiction issues, which may provide early intervention for these problems. In addition, constructive interventions related to family relationships are important in increasing the social support of people who are being treated for AUD.

Cite this article as: Şimşek G, Ünübol B, Bilici R. Attachment styles of parents with alcohol use disorder and the relation of their parenting perception to their parenting attitudes. Alpha Psychiatry. 2021;22(6):308-317.

EISSN 2757-8038